What is an Acute Disease?
When a disease is caused suddenly and lasts for a short amount of time showing rapidly developing symptoms, it's known as acute disease. Unlike chronic diseases, it develops and resolves quickly. The common symptoms of acute diseases are severe, such as high fever, pain, and complications of various systems and organs within the body, such as the respiratory system, digestive system, skin, eyes, liver, kidneys, and bladder. Influenza virus, pneumonia, common cold, etc. are examples of acute diseases. Everyone in his/her life has experienced a health problem, whether it's the common cold or the pesky flu. More often some health problems will go away on their own, but there are health issues that require urgent medical attention, and knowing when to visit a doctor is imperative.
What are the classifications of acute diseases?
Sporadic diseases attack several persons at the same time due to climatic or telluric influences and injurious agents. In this case, the susceptibility is morbidly affected in a few persons at one time. Rabies, plague, dengue fever, etc. are some examples of sporadic diseases.
In this kind of disease, many people are infected with very similar health conditions from the same cause. Epidemic diseases generally become infectious when they exist among populated regions. Epidemic diseases include typhoid, cholera, Mumps, Measles.
Epidemic diseases are known to be perpetually widespread in a community, infecting many people, and in the same case presenting similar health problems. These diseases are usually contagious. Some examples of endemic diseases are malaria, chikungunya, kalaazar, leprosy, etc.
What are the types of acute diseases?
Common Cold is an upper respiratory viral infection that can be easily spread from person to person by coughing or sneezing, sending germ-filled droplets into the air. It's common for adults to have two to three colds each year, usually lasting seven to 10 days.
The symptoms of flu are not typically associated with vomiting or diarrhea as those symptoms are often part of the viral infection known as gastroenteritis. Essentially, influenza also affects the upper respiratory system. The symptoms are often similar to a cold, however, they are usually more severe causing a patient to feel very weak and tired. For the prevention of influenza or to lessen its effects, vaccination is often preferred.
The hardy viruses that are known to affect the digestive system cause an uncomfortable acute disease. The common health problems that occur are vomiting, diarrhoea, and muscle aches. In general, noroviruses are the cause of gastrointestinal diseases or "stomach flu" or "stomach virus" that can easily catch anywhere. Gastroenteritis outbreaks often occur in confined spaces, in day-care centers or on cruise ships.
In addition to causing acute disease, the hardy viruses also affect the digestive system, leading to health problems such as vomiting, diarrhoea, and muscle aches. The symptoms of gastroenteritis generally go away within one to three days, although in some cases, it may last for several days afterward. Generally, antibiotics are used to treat acute diseases. However, If the acute disease is not treated in time, it may develop into something more serious and may even become life-threatening.
Symptoms of Acute Diseases
Acute diseases appear suddenly and persist for a short period of time. It differs from chronic diseases, which develop gradually and remain for months on end. The common symptoms for acute diseases include:
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
Through a physical examination and identifying the symptoms, a doctor can provide a diagnosis and an individualised treatment plan to care for the specific acute illness.
Serious Acute Illnesses:
When a person suffers from an acute illness, he/she is often treated with prescribed medication or antibiotics. Acute diseases generally are self-limiting and may resolve on their own. However, being cautious about the symptoms is crucial as some symptoms appear suddenly causing life-threatening symptoms, such as:
- Heart attack
- Asthma attack
- Organ failure
- Acute bronchitis
If one of these symptoms occurs, the patient should be given urgent medical care. By seeking treatment for an acute illness as soon as possible, one can lessen the chances of further complications or other long-term health issues.
Causes of Acute Diseases
The common cause of acute diseases is either an infection or a virus. Besides, an injury caused by an accident or a fall, or by the misuse of medications or drugs can also contribute to the occurrence of acute diseases. Chronic diseases are often caused by unhealthy behaviours that increase the risk of diseases such as smoking, lack of exercise, poor nutrition, or excessive alcohol use. With age, people’s health become vulnerable and develop one or more chronic illnesses.
Diagnosis of Acute Diseases
The diagnosis of acute illnesses begins in the doctor's office. As a rule, the doctor takes into account a detailed medical history and uses appropriate diagnostic technical solutions. Many physicians have laboratory facilities in their office or attached to a laboratory so they can quickly interpret information from blood draws and other tests. This results in doctors being able to easily diagnose the disease and begin treatment. Proper medication with prescribed antibiotics can cure acute diseases. In a few cases, patients are required to change their lifestyle and may be recommended to take bed rest, avoid certain foods, etc. If the illness requires specialised care, family physicians may refer the patient to a specialist.
When to Seek Treatment?
When a person is suffering from an acute illness, it is advisable to seek treatment before the symptoms worsen. There may be instances where immediate medical attention is needed if symptoms worsen. Shortness of breath, chest tightness, tissue death, a rapidly spreading infection, or organ failure are some symptoms that can represent life-threatening conditions.
Treatment of Acute Diseases
Most acute conditions respond well to therapies and treatments, but the extent of one’s treatment will depend on the severity of the condition. The treatment plan could be as simple as prescribing medication antibiotics for strep throat. Although acute diseases usually persist for less than six months, medical attention may still be required depending on the health condition. Seeking treatment for acute diseases from a physician can help reduce symptoms and disease timeline instead of treating it by oneself or allowing the disease to merely run its course.
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How can Limezo DZ help in managing Acute diseases?
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Vitamin C and Zinc are beneficial in keeping viral infections like influenza cold and cough viruses at bay.
Vitamin D is very well-known for its positive effects in maintaining bone mineral density, thus reducing the risk of fractures.
Along with this, Vitamin C and Zinc promote faster wound healing process by activating the collagen molecules that are responsible for healing.