Anglo-French Drugs & Industries Ltd
Anglo-French Drugs & Industries Ltd
Premestrual Syndrome | What is PMS? | AFD Pharma

Premestrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome, also known as PMS, is a common condition that affects women in the days leading up to their period. PMS is a collection of physical, psychological, and behavioral symptoms that can vary in severity, and can include cramps, bloating, fatigue, mood swings, anxiety, irritability, depression, food cravings, and breast tenderness. Although PMS is not a life-threatening condition, it can have a negative impact on daily life and well-being. Understanding what PMS is, the different types, the causes, and available treatments can help those who suffer from it to manage their symptoms in a better way.


What are the symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)?

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a set of signs and symptoms that occur one or two weeks before a woman's menstrual cycle. PMS affects women of reproductive age, usually between the ages of 18 and 45, till the time they reach menopause. Every woman experiences different types of symptoms, some may experience physical symptoms like bloating, and gassiness; others may experience emotional symptoms like irritability, moody, anxiety, etc.

The most common physical symptoms are – fatigue, bloating, cravings, clumsiness, headaches, back pain, sensitivity to loud noise and bright light, breast tenderness, cramps, and acne.
PMS can also cause emotional changes such as – irritability, feeling tired, anxiety, depression, and mood swings.


What causes PMS?

The exact cause of PMS is unknown, however, it is thought to be related to fluctuations in hormones such as estrogen and progesterone levels that keep fluctuating throughout the menstrual cycle, and it is believed that these changes can affect neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and other chemical messengers in the brain. It is also believed to be influenced by lifestyle factors such as stress, diet, exercise, and alcohol or caffeine consumption. Genetics may also play a role.

The common factors responsible for PMS are:

  • Hormonal changes: Changes in levels of hormones such as estrogen and progesterone can trigger PMS symptoms.
  • Chemical changes in the brain: Some research suggests that fluctuations in brain chemicals, such as serotonin, can play a role in PMS symptoms.
  • Genetics: Studies have suggested that PMS may have a genetic component, as women with a family history of PMS may be more likely to develop the condition.
  • Lifestyle factors: Stress, poor diet, lack of exercise, and insufficient sleep can all worsen PMS symptoms.
  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders, can increase the severity of PMS symptoms.

It is important to note that PMS symptoms can be managed with a combination of lifestyle changes, over-the-counter medications, and, in some cases, prescription medications.

What are the treatments for PMS?

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a set of physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the days leading up to menstruation. Treatments for PMS can include lifestyle changes, medications, and natural remedies.

The most important lifestyle change is to maintain a healthy diet and get enough exercise. Eating a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help to reduce bloating, while low in salt (sodium) and sugar, and high in fiber, iron, and calcium can help reduce symptoms. Exercise helps to reduce stress and can also increase serotonin levels in the brain, which can improve mood. Through regular exercise, women can increase the production of endorphins, increase blood flow, and reduce fluid retention.

Additionally, regular exercise can help improve sleep quality, which can alleviate some of the more distressing symptoms of PMS. Stress management techniques such as yoga or meditation, and getting enough sleep can also be beneficial. Reducing caffeine and alcohol intake and quitting smoking. Natural remedies, such as nutritional supplements, herbs, and essential oils, may also help reduce symptoms.

In conclusion, PMS is a common condition that affects many women and can range from mild to severe. While the cause is not fully understood, hormonal fluctuations are thought to play a role. To prevent PMS, women can make lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, engaging in regular exercise, practicing stress management techniques, and getting enough sleep. Treatment options range from lifestyle modifications to medications and can help relieve symptoms. If you are experiencing severe PMS symptoms, it is important to speak with your healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment for you.





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